Advantages and Disadvantages of Mammography Screening
Mammography screening is a program with regular intervals done for the purpose of detecting early breast cancer cases so as to reduce the mortality rate due to this cancer and also improve the therapeutic options available while noting that it is also accompanied with some side effects. As of now, it is the only method that has been proved to meet the above needs. The following paragraphs will discuss on three advantages of Mammography and four of its disadvantages, starting with the advantages.
Mortality reduction is the first advantage and the major goal of mammography screening but requires many years to be effective as death from all types of cancer occur during the advanced stages hence it is hard to assess it. Mortality reduction for women participating in this program is estimated to reduce by over 35% for women participating in the program an 15% to 30% to all women receiving medical attention.
The second advantage brought by the early detection due to mammography screening is the increased probability of early treatment since early detection leads to reduced chemotherapy, low number of mastectomies, and improved results from breast conservation
Lastly, on advantages, mammography has enabled the installation of futuristic infrastructure that has been set up to improve coordination and cooperation between diagnosis disciplines which experienced a critical analysis where detection without subsequent assessments happened, something that has helped to improve the quality assurance of the diagnostic chain.
The first and most risk disadvantage is that this program exposes the woman to radiation risks and other risks seeing that with the modern methods of mammography and mammography digital techniques offer dosages of 4 mGy per breast, which however declines with age where those beyond 40 years of age have a very minimal risk of dying due to breast cancer.
The second shortcoming of this program is that there is a risk of a false alarm, where, like all medical tests, mammography screening may sense abnormalities which ask for further assessment and still turn out to be benign, yet only few women are recalled to take the screen again meaning that they may take the false alarm with them as the results.
The last disadvantage of this program is that it comes with a risk of over diagnosis, a case which is made real by the discovery of more cancers by the screening, which if there were no scans, would not have become apparent, a disadvantage since the screening, in such a case does not help in reducing mortality and this can be proved by a study that proved that people who undergo the mammography scan have more likelihood of having breast cancer than those who do not, when age and composition remained the same for both groups. read more now